Wide bandgap semiconductor-based novel nanohybrid for potential antibacterial activity: Ultrafast spectroscopy and computational studies

Md Nur Hasan, Tuhin Kumar Maji, Uttam Pal, Arpan Bera, Damayanti Bagchi, Animesh Halder, Saleh A. Ahmed, Jabir H. Al-Fahemi, Tahani M. Bawazeer, Tanusri Saha-Dasgupta, Samir Kumar Pal

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The properties of nanomaterials generated by external stimuli are considered an innovative and promising replacement for the annihilation of bacterial infectious diseases. The present study demonstrates the possibility of getting the antibiotic-like drug action from our newly synthesized nanohybrid (NH), which consists of norfloxacin (NF) as the photosensitive material covalently attached to the ZnO nanoparticle (NP). The synthesized NH has been characterized using various microscopic and spectroscopic techniques. Steady state fluorescence and time-correlated single photon counting (TCSPC)-based spectroscopic studies demonstrate the efficient electron transfer from NF to ZnO. This enhances the reactive oxygen species (ROS) production capability of the system. First principles density functional theory has been calculated to gain insight into the charge separation mechanism. To explore the electron densities of the occupied and unoccupied levels of NH, we have verified the nature of the electronic structure. It is observed that there is a very high possibility of electron transfer from NF to ZnO in the NH system, which validates the experimental findings. Finally, the efficacy of NH compared to NF and ZnO has been estimated on the in vitro culture of E. coli bacteria. We have obtained a significant reduction in the bacterial viability by NH with respect to control in the presence of light. These results suggest that the synthesized NH could be a potential candidate in the new generation alternative antibacterial drugs. Overall, the study depicts a detailed physical insight for nanohybrid systems that can be beneficial for manifold application purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38890-38899
Number of pages10
JournalRSC Advances
Volume10
Issue number64
DOIs
StatePublished - 23 Oct 2020

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