The nature of safety culture: A survey of the state-of-the-art

Rafiq Choudhry, Dongping Fang, Sherif Mohamed

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

356 Scopus citations


This paper reviews the literature on safety culture, placing particular focus on research undertaken from 1998 onwards. The term culture is clarified as it is typically applied to organizations, to safety, and particularly to construction safety. Some clarification in terms of positive safety culture, safety culture models, levels of aggregation and safety performance is provided by presenting appropriate empirical evidence and its theoretical developments. In general, safety culture is thought to influence employees' attitudes and behavior in relation to an organization's ongoing health and safety performance. Implications for future research in the area are addressed, as in recent years safety culture has become the focus of much attention in all industries, including the construction industry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)993-1012
Number of pages20
JournalSafety Science
Issue number10
StatePublished - Dec 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Behavior-based safety
  • Construction safety
  • Organizational culture
  • Safety climate
  • Safety culture
  • Safety management system


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