Synthesis of novel benzodifuranyl; 1,3,5-triazines; 1,3,5-oxadiazepines; and thiazolopyrimidines derived from visnaginone and khellinone as anti-inflammatory and analgesic agents

Ameen Ali Abu-Hashem, Sami Al-Hussain, Magdi Zaki

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Novel (4-methoxy or 4,8-dimethoxy)-3-methyl-N-(6-oxo-2-thioxo-1,2,3, 6-tetrahydro- pyrimidin-4-yl) benzo [1,2-b: 5, 4-b'] difuran-2-carboxamide (5a-b) has been synthesized by the reaction of visnagenone-ethylacetate (2a) or khellinone-ethylacetate (2b) with 6-aminothiouracil in dimethylformamide or refluxing of benzofuran-oxy-N-(2-thioxopyrimidine) acetamide (4a-b) in sodium ethoxide to give the same products (5a,b) in good yields. Thus, compounds 5a-b are used as an initiative to prepare many new heterocyclic compounds such as 2-(4-(3-methylbenzodifuran- 2-carbox-amido) pyrimidine) acetic acid (6a-b), N-(thiazolo[3, 2-a]pyrimidine)-3-methylbenzo- difuran-2-carboxamide (7a-b), N-(2-thioxopyrimidine)-methylbenzodifuran-2-carbimidoylchloride (8a-b), N-(2-(methyl-thio) pyrimidine)-3-methylbenzodifuran-2-carbimidoylchloride (9a-b), N-(2, 6 -di(piperazine or morpholine)pyrimidine)-1-(3-methylbenzodifuran)-1-(piperazine or morpholine) methanimine(10a-d), 8-(methylbenzodifuran)-thiazolopyrimido[1,6-a][1,3,5]triazine-3,5-dione (11a -b), 8-(3-methyl benzodifuran)-thiazolopyrimido[6,1-d][1,3,5]oxadiazepine-trione (12a-b), and 2,10 -di(sub-benzylidene)-8-(3-methylbenzodifuran)-thiazolopyrimido[6,1-d][1,3,5]oxadiazepine-3,5,11- trione (13a-f). All new chemical structures were illustrated on the basis of elemental and spectral analysis (IR, NMR, and MS). The new compounds were screened as cyclooxygenase-1/cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-1/COX-2) inhibitors and had analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities. The compounds 10a-d and 13a-f had the highest inhibitory activity on COX-2 selectivity, with indices of 99-90, analgesic activity of 51-42% protection, and anti-inflammatory activity of 68%-59%. The inhibition of edema for the same compounds, 10a-d and 13a-f, was compared with sodium diclofenac as a standard drug.

Original languageEnglish
Article number220
JournalMolecules
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Analgesic activity
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Benzodifuran
  • Khellinone
  • Morpholine
  • Oxadiazepine
  • Piperazine
  • Pyrimidine
  • Thiazole
  • Triazine
  • Visnagenone

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