Standardizing a Shoe Insole Based on ISO/IEEE 11073 Personal Health Device (X73-PHD) Standards

Hawazin Badawi, Fedwa Laamarti, Faisal Arafsha, Abdulmotaleb El Saddik

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Personal healthcare systems play fundamental role in shaping the future of healthcare. With the explosion of Digital Twin [1] including wearable technology, many healthcare systems depend on personal health devices (PHD) to perform their functions. It is thus important to standardize the utilized PHDs. In this paper, we propose the X73-PHD standard for a smart shoe insole as this promising device is not yet standardized. We provide a background on shoe insoles and their importance in gait analysis. The main contribution of this paper is providing the detailed design of X73-PHD standard for the shoe insole (SI) through the three main parts of X73-PHD standards, which are: domain information model (DIM), service model (SM), and communication model (CM). Besides,we explain the hardware architecture and the functional model of the SI used in this work. Finally, the standard implementation for the SI is presented.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInformation Technology and Systems - Proceedings of ICITS 2019
EditorsManolo Paredes, Carlos Ferrás, Álvaro Rocha
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)9783030118891
StatePublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes
EventInternational Conference on Information Technology and Systems, ICITS 2019 - Quito, Ecuador
Duration: 6 Feb 20198 Feb 2019

Publication series

NameAdvances in Intelligent Systems and Computing


ConferenceInternational Conference on Information Technology and Systems, ICITS 2019


  • Personal health device
  • Shoe insole
  • Standardization
  • X73-PHD


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