Protective Effects of Quercetin and Melatonin on Indomethacin Induced Gastric Ulcers in Rats

Marwa Sayed Abdel-Tawab, Ola Tork, Gomaa Mostafa-Hedeab, Manal Ewaiss Hassan, Dalia Azmy Elberry

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Background: Medications to prevent the development of NSAID-induced gastric ulcers have a large range of unpleasant side effects. Recent efforts have been focused on determining safer alternative nontoxic and natural forms of anti-ulcer treatments. Methods: Twenty-four male rats were divided into 4 groups: 1: control group that received no treatment; 2: the indomethacin-treated group that received 20 mg/kg of indomethacin for 2 days to induce the development of gastric ulcers; 3: quercetin-treated group that in addition to the indomethacin treatment, received 50 mg/kg of quercetin 6 hours after and then daily for 14 days and; 4: the melatonin-treated group which received 20 mg/kg of melatonin 6 hours after each indomethacin treatment and then daily for 14 days. All drugs were administered orally. The following parameters were assessed in each group: mean ulcer index of gastric tissue, gastric acid volume and pH, oxidative stress markers: malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH), inflammatory markers: PGE-2, TNF-α, and IL-10, nitric oxide (NO) levels and the relative gene expression of BAX, BCL-2 and COX-2 by real time PCR. Results: Our findings revealed that the indomethacin-treated group had a significantly increased (p< 0.05) ulcer index, gastric acid volume, and elevated levels of stress, inflammatory, and apoptotic markers compared to controls. In the groups that received quercetin or melatonin, these factors were all significantly decreased (p< 0.05). Between quercetin and melatonin, there was no significant difference in their gastroprotective effect. Conclusions: Both quercetin and melatonin had protective antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antiapoptotic activity against indomethacin-induced gastric ulcers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-290
Number of pages13
JournalReports of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Oct 2020


  • Gastric ulcer
  • Indomethacin
  • Melatonin
  • Quercetin


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