Protection of mouse bone marrow from etoposide-induced genomic damage by dexrazoxane

Sabry M. Attia, Alaa A. Al-Anteet, Nouf M. Al-Rasheed, Abdulqader A. Alhaider, Mohammed M. Al-Harbi

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The objective of the current investigation is to determine whether non-toxic doses of the catalytic topoisomerase-II inhibitor, dexrazoxane, have influence on the genomic damage induced by the anticancer topoisomerase-II poison, etoposide, on mice bone marrow cells. Method: The scoring of micronuclei, chromosomal aberrations, and mitotic activity were undertaken as markers of cyto- and genotoxicity. Oxidative damage markers such as reduced glutathione and lipid peroxidation were assessed as a possible mechanism underlying this amelioration. Results: Dexrazoxane pre-treatment significantly reduced the etoposide-induced micronuclei formation, chromosomal aberrations, and also the suppression of erythroblast proliferation in bone marrow cells of mice. These effects were dose dependent. Etoposide induced marked biochemical alterations characteristic of oxidative stress including enhanced lipid peroxidation and reduction in the reduced glutathione level. Prior administration of dexrazoxane ahead of etoposide challenge ameliorated these biochemical markers. Conclusion: Based on our data presented, strategies can be developed to decrease the etoposide-induced genomic damage in normal cells using dexrazoxane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)837-845
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Volume64
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carcinogenicity
  • Chromosomal aberrations
  • Dexrazoxane
  • Etoposide
  • Micronuclei
  • Mitotic activity

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