Photocatalytic inactivation of Escherischia coli under UV light irradiation using large surface area anatase TiO2 quantum dots

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Abstract

In this study, high specific surface areas (SSAs) of anatase titanium dioxide (TiO2) quantum dots (QDs) were successfully synthesized through a novel one-step microwave-hydrothermal method in rapid synthesis time (20 min) without further heat treatment. XRD analysis and HR-TEM images showed that the as-prepared TiO2 QDs of approximately 2 nm size have high crystallinity with anatase phase. Optical properties showed that the energy band gap (Eg) of as-prepared TiO2 QDs was 3.60 eV, which is higher than the standard TiO2 band gap, which might be due to the quantum size effect. Raman studies showed shifting and broadening of the peaks of TiO2 QDs due to the reduction of the crystallite size. The obtained Brunauer-Emmett-Teller specific surface area (381 m2 g−1) of TiO2 QDs is greater than the surface area (181 m2 g−1) of commercial TiO2 nanoparticles. The photocatalytic activities of TiO2 QDs were conducted by the inactivation of Escherischia coli under ultraviolet light irradiation and compared with commercially available anatase TiO2 nanoparticles. The photocatalytic inactivation ability of E. coli was estimated to be 91% at 60 µg ml−1 for TiO2 QDs, which is superior to the commercial TiO2 nanoparticles. Hence, the present study provides new insight into the rapid synthesis of TiO2 QDs without any annealing treatment to increase the absorbance of ultraviolet light for superior photocatalytic inactivation ability of E. coli.

Original languageEnglish
Article number191444
JournalRoyal Society Open Science
Volume6
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2019

Keywords

  • Microwave-hydrothermal
  • Photocatalysis
  • Quantum dots
  • TiO
  • X-ray diffraction

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