Numerical study of the nanofluid thin film flow past an unsteady stretching sheet with fractional derivatives using the spectral collocation Chebyshev approximation

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Abstract

In this work, a mathematical model of fractional-order in fluid will be analyzed numerically to describe and study the influence of thermal radiation on the magnetohydrodynamic flow of nanofluid thin film which moves due to the unsteady stretching surface with viscous dissipation. The set of nonlinear fractional differential equations in the form of velocity, temperature and concentration which describe our proposed problem are tackled through the spectral collocation method based on Chebyshev polynomials of the third-kind. This method reduces the presented model to a system of algebraic equations. The effect of the influence parameters which governs the process of flow and mass heat transfer is discussed. The numerical values of the dimensionless velocity, temperature and concentration are depicted graphically. Also, computations of the values of skin-friction, Nusselt number and Sherwood number have been carried out and presented in the same figures. Finally, our numerical analysis shows that both the magnetic and the unsteadiness parameters can enhance the free surface temperature and nanoparticle volume fraction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2150026
JournalInternational Journal of Modern Physics C
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Chebyshev polynomials
  • convergence analysis
  • Nanofluid film
  • radiation
  • spectral collocation method
  • unsteady stretching sheet
  • viscous dissipation

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