Multiobjective optimization of process variables in single-point incremental forming using grey relational analysis coupled with entropy weights

Abdulmajeed Dabwan, Adham E. Ragab, Mohamed A. Saleh, Atef M. Ghaleb, Mohamed Z. Ramadan, Syed Hammad Mian, Tamer M. Khalaf

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Abstract

Incremental sheet forming is a specific group of sheet forming methods that enable the manufacture of complex parts utilizing computer numerical control instead of specialized tools. It is an incredibly adaptable operation that involves minimal usage of sophisticated tools, dies, and forming presses. Besides its main application in the field of rapid prototyping, incremental sheet forming processes can be used for the manufacture of unique parts in small batches. The goal of this study is to broaden the knowledge of the deformation process in single-point incremental forming. This work studies the deformation behavior in single-point incremental forming by experimentally investigating the principal stresses, principal strains, and thinning of single-point incremental forming products. Conical-shaped components are fabricated using AA1050-H14 aluminum alloy at various combinations of fundamental variables. The factorial design is employed to plan the experimental study and analysis of variance is conducted to analyze the results. The grey relational analysis approach coupled with entropy weights is also implemented to identify optimum process variables for single-point incremental forming. The results show that the tool diameter has the greatest effect on the thinning of the SPIF product, followed by the sheet thickness, step size, and feed rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2056-2070
Number of pages15
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications
Volume235
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • entropy method
  • factorial design
  • grey relational analysis
  • Single-point incremental forming
  • strains
  • stresses
  • thinning

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