Molecular identification and pathogenicity of phytophthora nicotianae-caused bud rot disease of washingtonia palms in saudi arabia and use of lysobacter enzymogenes as a bioagent in an in vitro study

Mohamed A. El Meleigi, Ayman Omar, Ahmad A. Al Rokibah, Abdullah Alsohim, Khaled A. Al Jamhan, Noha A. Sukar

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Abstract

Severe terminal bud rot disease symptoms of Washingtonia, Washingtonia robusta, palms were observed in the 5-year-old trees in a farm located at the north of Al Shehia governorate, Qassim region, Saudi Arabia. The fungus found associated with the diseased palm buds was isolated in the laboratory, and pathogenicity tests were conducted on healthy 1-year-old Washingtonia palms, at an experimental station, Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine. Pathogenicity tests showed that a single fungus caused typical symptoms of bud rot on the inoculated trees. Petiole bases and terminal buds were rotted after 5–6 weeks of inoculation. The pathogen was identified through microscopy and characterized molecularly, using internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of ribosomal DNA, as a fungal-like organism Phytophthora nicotianae (synonym = P. parasitica). Experiments were conducted on the biological control of the pathogen in the laboratory, and a promising RN13 isolate of Lysobacter enzymogenes was selected for further study. This study seems to be the first report of bud rot disease of Washingtonian palms caused by P. nicotianae in Saudi Arabia. Great attention should be given to this disease because it is soil borne and may be transmitted to the date palm crop.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalEgyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Biological control
  • Bud rot
  • ITS region
  • Lysobacter enzymogenes
  • Phytophthora nicotianae
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Washingtonia palm

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