"Miswak" based green synthesis of silver nanoparticles: Evaluation and comparison of their microbicidal activities with the chemical synthesis

Mohammed Rafi Shaik, Ghadeer H. Albalawi, Shams Tabrez Khan, Merajuddin Khan, Syed Farooq Adil, Mufsir Kuniyil, Abdulrahman Al-Warthan, Mohammed Rafiq H. Siddiqui, Hamad Z. Alkhathlan, Mujeeb Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Microbicidal potential of silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) can be drastically improved by improving their solubility or wettability in the aqueous medium. In the present study, we report the synthesis of both green and chemical synthesis of Ag-NPs, and evaluate the effect of the dispersion qualities of as-prepared Ag-NPs from both methods on their antimicrobial activities. The green synthesis of Ag-NPs is carried out by using an aqueous solution of readily available Salvadora persica L. root extract (RE) as a bioreductant. The formation of highly crystalline Ag-NPs was established by various analytical and microscopic techniques. The rich phenolic contents of S. persica L. RE (Miswak) not only promoted the reduction and formation of NPs but they also facilitated the stabilization of the Ag-NPs, which was established by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) analysis. Furthermore, the influence of the volume of the RE on the size and the dispersion qualities of the NPs was also evaluated. It was revealed that with increasing the volume of RE the size of the NPs was deteriorated, whereas at lower concentrations of RE smaller size and less aggregated NPs were obtained. During this study, the antimicrobial activities of both chemically and green synthesized Ag-NPs, along with the aqueous RE of S. persica L., were evaluated against various microorganisms. It was observed that the green synthesized Ag-NPs exhibit comparable or slightly higher antibacterial activities than the chemically obtained Ag-NPs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1478
JournalMolecules
Volume21
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anti-microbial activity
  • Green chemistry
  • Natural products
  • Silver nanoparticles

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