Managing the ethical and risk implications of rapid advances in artificial intelligence: A literature review

Taylor Meek, Husam Barham, Nader Beltaif, Amani Kaadoor, Tanzila Akhter

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The development of emergent technologies carries with it ethical issues and risks. We review ways to better manage the ethical issues and risks of one emerging technology: Artificial Intelligence (AI). Depending on how AI's development is managed, it may have beneficial and/or deleterious effects. The processing capacity of Tianhe-2, the world's fastest supercomputer, by some measures, exceeds the processing capacity of a single human brain. but at a prohibitive processing/power consumption ratio and physical size. Given the current pace of AI R&D activities, some estimates in the literature suggest that the technology could become capable of self-determination and super intelligence in only a few decades. This demands a serious analysis of the ethical implications of AI's development and the risks it might pose, in addition to technology management recommendations. We review the state of AI development, the timeline and scope of its possible future development, and potential ethical risks in its implementation. Further, we briefly review ethics and risk management practices as they relate to technology. Finally, we make technology management recommendations, which may help to address the ethical implications and to mitigate existential risks to humanity - with the development and dissemination of AI - by guiding its proper management.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPICMET 2016 - Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology
Subtitle of host publicationTechnology Management For Social Innovation, Proceedings
EditorsTimothy R. Anderson, Dundar F. Kocaoglu, Kiyoshi Niwa, Gary Perman, Dilek Cetindamar Kozanoglu, Tugrul U. Daim
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages682-693
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781509035953
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes
Event2016 Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology, PICMET 2016 - Honolulu, United States
Duration: 4 Sep 20168 Sep 2016

Publication series

NamePICMET 2016 - Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology: Technology Management For Social Innovation, Proceedings

Conference

Conference2016 Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology, PICMET 2016
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityHonolulu
Period4/09/168/09/16

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