Growth of iron diselenide nanorods on graphene oxide nanosheets as advanced electrocatalyst for hydrogen evolution reaction

J. Theerthagiri, R. Sudha, K. Premnath, Prabhakarn Arunachalam, J. Madhavan, Abdullah M. Al-Mayouf

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


Advanced electrocatalysts for the fabrication of sustainable hydrogen from water splitting are innermost to energy research. Herein, we report the growth of iron diselenide (FeSe2) nanorods on graphene oxide (GO) sheets using two-step process viz., simple hydrothermal reduction and followed by wet chemical process. The orthorhombic phase of FeSe2 incorporated GO nanosheet was developed as a low-cost and efficient electrocatalyst for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) by water splitting. The phase purity, crystalline structure, surface morphology and elemental composition of the synthesized samples have been investigated by UV–visible absorption spectroscopy (UV–vis), fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDS). Voltammetry and Tafel polarization methods have been utilized to assess the performance of various weight ratio of GO nanosheet in FeSe2 nanorods towards H2 evolution. Detailed electrochemical investigations revealed that the 30% FeSe2/GO composite showed a tremendous electrocatalytic HER activity in acidic medium with high cathodic current density of 9.68 mA/cm2 at η = 250 mV overpotential and with a Tafel slope of 64 mV/dec. The 30% FeSe2/GO composite offers a high synergistic effect towards HER activity, which is mainly due to high electrochemical active catalytic sites, low charge-transfer resistance and enhanced electrocatalytic performances of H2 production. The present analysis revealed the possible application of FeSe2/GO composite as a promising low-cost alternative to platinum based electrocatalysts for H2 production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13020-13030
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number18
StatePublished - 4 May 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Electrocatalysis
  • Electrochemical polarization analysis
  • Graphene oxide sheet
  • Hydrogen evolution reaction
  • Iron diselenide


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