Enhanced photoelectrochemical water-splitting performance with a hierarchical heterostructure: Co3O4 nanodots anchored TiO2@P-C3N4 core-shell nanorod arrays

Zhongrui Yu, Ying Li, Jiangtao Qu, Rongkun Zheng, Julie M. Cairney, Jiujun Zhang, Mingyuan Zhu, Aslam Khan, Wenxian Li

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Excellent transfer and separation of photogenerated charges were achieved by a hierarchical construction: 1-D (one-dimensional) TiO2 nanorod arrays were encapsulated with phosphorous doped graphitic carbon nitride (P-C3N4), decorated with highly dispersed 0-D (zero-dimensional) Co3O4 nanodots. With the P-C3N4 and Co3O4 involved, the Co3O4/P-C3N4/TiO2 ternary photoanode show improved visible lights absorption, increased carrier density, and better PEC performance. The matched and continuous energy band positions in hierarchical Co3O4/P-C3N4/TiO2 photoanode effectively facilitate the photogenerated holes swiftly diffusing from 1-D TiO2@P-C3N4 core-shell structure to the surface of 0-D Co3O4 nanodots, while the photogenerated electrons of photoanode leave to counter electrode. The short diffusion path for holes in 0-D Co3O4 nanodots suppresses the accumulation of surface positive charge (holes). This study provides a perspective for investigating photoelectrochemical water splitting in the Co3O4/P-C3N4/TiO2 heterostructural photoanode for enhanced visible light response.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126458
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume404
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CoO nanodots
  • Hierarchical construction
  • Phosphorous doped graphitic carbon nitride
  • Photoelectrochemical water splitting
  • TiO nanorod arrays

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