Enhanced growth of mungbean and remediation of petroleum hydrocarbons by enterobacter sp. Mn17 and biochar addition in diesel contaminated soil

Muhammad Hayder Ali, Muhammad Tayyab Sattar, Muhammad Imran Khan, Muhammad Naveed, Munazza Rafique, Saud Alamri, Manzer H. Siddiqui

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Petroleum hydrocarbon (PHC) contamination of soil is a widespread global environmental concern due to the persistence and recalcitrant nature of PHCs. The PHCs are highly toxic and their removal from the terrestrial ecosystem is necessary to maintain soil as well as human health. Here, a pot experiment was performed to examine the impact of Enterobacter sp. MN17 and biochar addition on the growth of mungbean plants and PHCs removal from diesel-polluted soil. For this purpose, soil was contaminated artificially with diesel to achieve a final concentration of 5000 mg kg−1. Untreated and Enterobacter sp. MN17 treated mungbean seeds were sown in pots. Sugarcane bagasse biochar was applied as an amendment in respective pots along with the recommended levels of essential nutrients. Results showed that PHCs significantly suppressed the seedling emergence as well as agronomic and physiological attributes of mungbean as compared to un-contaminated controls. However, the co-application of Enterobacter sp. MN17 and biochar significantly reduced the phytotoxicity of PHCs to mungbean plants and effectively increased the seedling emergence, shoot and root length, shoot fresh and dry biomass, root fresh and dry biomass of plants up to 24%, 54%, 52%, 52%, 54%, 55% and 60%, respectively as compared to controls. Similarly, 30%, 57%, 64%, 36% and 57% increase in chlorophylls contents, transpiration rate, stomatal conductance, sub-stomatal conductance, and photosynthetic rate, respectively were observed in their combined application as compared to respective controls. Furthermore, the co-addition of biochar and Enterobacter sp. MN17 could remove 69% and 85% higher PHCs from unplanted and planted pots, respectively, than that of their respective controls. Our results suggest that the co-application of biochar and Enterobacter sp. MN17 may be useful in enhancing plant growth and eliminating PHCs from contaminated soil.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8548
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume10
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Biochar
  • Bioremediation
  • Enterobacter sp. MN17
  • Mungbean
  • Petroleum hydrocarbons
  • Phytotoxicity

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Enhanced growth of mungbean and remediation of petroleum hydrocarbons by enterobacter sp. Mn17 and biochar addition in diesel contaminated soil'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this