Elemental analysis of basalt by instrumental neutron activation analysis and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer

Abdulaziz Alharbi, A. El-Taher

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Because of its high sensitivity, activation analysis has become an important tool in a wide variety of science and engineering fields such as industry, mineral exploration, medicine, environmental monitoring and forensic applications. Methodology: Therefore, Instrumental Neutron Activation Analyses (INAA) Au+34 packages from ACT Lab Canada have been used to achieve accurate knowledge about the elemental analysis of basalt rock collected from Hail Northeast of Saudi Arabia. The samples were prepared for irradiation by thermal neutrons using thermal neutron flux of 7×1012 n cm-2 sec-1. Twenty five elements were determined and identified namely: As, Co, Cr, Sb, Sc, Zn, Ba, Br, Sr, Zr, Cs, Hf, Mo, Rb, Th, U and eight rare earth elements namely: La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Yb, Tb and Lu. In addition, 15 elements were determined and identified by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer namely: Be, Cu, Dy, Er, Ga, Ge, Ge, Ho, Nb, Ni, Pb, Sn, Tm, V and Y. Results: The data presented here are our contribution to understanding the elemental composition of basalt rock. Because there are no existing databases for the elemental analysis of basalt, this results are a start to establishing a database for the basalt rock from Hail, Saudi Arabia. Conclusion: The acquired data was serve as a reference for the follow-up studies to assess the agronomic effectiveness of basalt rocks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-339
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Environmental Science and Technology
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Keywords

  • ACT lab
  • Basalt
  • Elemental analysis
  • ICP-MS
  • INAA

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Elemental analysis of basalt by instrumental neutron activation analysis and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this