Development of floating matrix tablets of losartan potassium: In vitro and in vivo evaluation

S. Saisivam, M. Rahamath Ulla, F. Shakeel

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


The aim of the present study was to develop floating matrix tablets of losartan potassium (LP). The floating matrix tablets of LP were prepared using different proportion of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose (HPMC-K4M) and karaya gum. The prepared tablets were evaluated for various pre-compression & post-compression parameters, in vitro drug release and in vivo X-ray imaging in rabbits. All tablets showed excellent swelling and floating capabilities, short floating lag times and maintained controlled release for more than 16 h. The release of LP from optimized formulation F9 was found to be non-Fickian type. Gastric X-ray imaging of formulation F9 (containing LP/HPMC-K4M/karaya gum/microcrystalline cellulose/sodium bicarbonate/magnesium stearate/lactose) showed that the floating matrix tablet was continuously floating in the stomach region of the rabbit; hence, it could prolong the gastric retention time to more than 12 h. These results indicated that developed matrix tablets of LP could be successfully used for floating drug delivery system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-617
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2013


  • Floating tablet
  • HPMC
  • Karaya gum
  • Losartan potassium
  • X-ray imaging


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