Characterization of some lead vanadate glasses

Yasser Saaddeek, Essam R. Shaaban, Kamal A. Aly, I. M. Sayed

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Studies on lead vanadate glasses modified with Li2O have been carried out. Elastic properties and Debye temperature have been investigated using sound velocity measurements at 4 MHz. The ultrasonic and the IR spectroscopic studies have been employed to investigate the structure of lead vanadate glasses in the presence of Li2O. IR analysis indicates that increasing the vanadate content causes a shift of the bands to higher wave number and to higher relative area which was attributed to the higher dissociation energy of V2O5 than that of PbO. Thus, the average force constant of VO5 structural units increases with increasing V2O5 content. The change of density and molar volume with V2O5 content reveals that the decrease in density is related to the replacement of high dense PbO with low dense one V2O5, where the increase in the molar volume can be attributed to the larger packing factor of V2O5 than that of PbO. The observed compositional dependence of the elastic moduli is interpreted in terms of the effect of V2O5 on the coordination number of the vanadate and lead structural units.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)447-452
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume478
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 10 Jun 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Density
  • Elastic properties
  • IR
  • Vanadate glasses

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