Biological treatment of real textile effluent using aspergillus flavus and fusarium oxysporium and their consortium along with the evaluation of their phytotoxicity

Mohamed T. Selim, Salem S. Salem, Asem A. Mohamed, Mamdouh S. El-Gamal, Mohamed Fadl Awad, Amr Fouda

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Twenty-one fungal strains were isolated from dye-contaminated soil; out of them, two fungal strains A2 and G2-1 showed the highest decolorization capacity for real textile effluent and were, hence, identified as Aspergillus flavus and Fusarium oxysporium based on morphological and molecular methods. The highest decolorization percentage of 78.12 ± 2.1% was attained in the biotreatment with fungal consortium followed by A. flavus and F. oxysporium separately with removal percentages of 54.68 ± 1.2% and 52.41 ± 1.0%, respectively. Additionally, ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy of the treated effluent showed that a maximum peak (λmax) of 415 nm was reduced as compared with the control. The indicators of wastewater treatment efficacy, namely total dissolved solids, total suspended solids, conductivity, biological oxygen demand, and chemical oxygen demand with removal percentages of 78.2, 78.4, 58.2, 78.1, and 77.6%, respectively, demonstrated a considerable decrease in values due to fungal consortium treatment. The reduction in peak and mass area along with the appearance of new peaks in GC-MS confirms a successful biodegradation process. The toxicity of treated textile effluents on the seed germination of Vicia faba was decreased as compared with the control. The shoot length after irrigation with effluents treated by the fungal consortium was 15.12 ± 1.01 cm as compared with that treated by tap-water, which was 17.8 ± 0.7 cm. Finally, we recommended the decrease of excessive uses of synthetic dyes and utilized biological approaches for the treatment of real textile effluents to reuse in irrigation of uneaten plants especially with water scarcity worldwide.

Original languageEnglish
Article number193
JournalJournal of Fungi
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Decolorization
  • Fungi
  • GC–MS
  • Plants irrigation
  • Textile wastewater
  • Water scarcity

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