Assessment of drinking water quality of Tehsil Alipur, Pakistan

Ramoona Shehzadi, H. M. Rafique, I. Abbas, M. Abdullah Sohl, Shahid Mahmood Ramay, Asif Mahmood, Maryyam N. Sohl

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abstract: Poor quality of drinking water is one of the major threats to human health. Several potential sources such as toxic chemicals, minerals, effluent outfalls from industrial facilities, waste treatment plants, and run-off from agricultural land can contaminate drinking water. To ensure the accessibility of uncontaminated and safe drinking water, its quality should be managed and monitored carefully on a regular basis. A research study was conducted to evaluate the quality of drinking water in tehsil Alipur of district Muzaffargarh, Pakistan. Water samples were collected from different sources such as tube well, hand pump, injector pump, and water supply line from 27 different locations during 2007. The samples were examined for physical, chemical, and bacteriological contamination. Five physical parameters (pH, turbidity, hardness, total dissolved solids, and conductivity) and chemical parameters including sodium, calcium, magnesium, potassium, chloride, nitrate, sulfate, and bicarbonate were tested for each sample and values were compared with the standards set by WHO. The results revealed that physical and chemical parameters for majority of the samples were inside the acceptable limits of WHO for drinking water. However, the study of microbial quality of water showed that, about half of the samples were bacteriologically contaminated and thus unfit for human consumption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2253-2264
Number of pages12
JournalDesalination and Water Treatment
Volume55
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Aug 2015

Keywords

  • Alipur
  • Contaminants
  • Water quality
  • WHO

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