Aqueous polymerization of methyl methacrylate and characterization of the obtained polymers in the presence of N,N‐dioxalyl P‐amino benzoyl N,N‐dioxalyl urea and its Fe(II) and Fe(III) complexes

I. A. Sabbah, A. A.Abd Elkhalek, S. M. Sayyah, S. A. Mohamed, Hassan Mohamad

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Abstract

The emulsifier‐free emulsion polymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) was studied using sodium bisulfite as initiator in the absence and presence of a new organic chelating agent, N,N‐dioxalyl p‐amino benzoyl N,N‐dioxalyl urea, and its iron (II) and (III) complexes. The organic ligand with free carboxyl groups has a retarding effect on the polymerization reaction while its iron complexes have a catalytic effect. The mechanisms of the catalytic effect of iron complexes or the inhibition mechanism of the organic ligand are discussed. The effect of pH values on the polymerization processes was also investigated. The apparent energy of activation was found to be 4.99 × 104 J/mol, 6.38 × 104 J/mol, 4.46 × 104 J/mol, and 3.72 × 104 J/mol in the absence and in the presence of 0.5 g of ligand and 0.1 g of its Fe (II) and (III) complexes, respectively. © 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Oct 1994
Externally publishedYes

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