Antibacterial and uv protection properties of modified cotton fabric using a curcumin/tio2 nanocomposite for medical textile applications

M. M. Abd El-Hady, Asmaa Farouk, S. El Sayed Saeed, Saad Zaghloul

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Medical textiles are one of the most rapidly growing parts of the technical textiles sector in the textile industry. This work aims to investigate the medical applications of a curcumin/TiO2 nanocomposite fabricated on the surface of cotton fabric. The cotton fabric was pretreated with three crosslinking agents, namely citric acid, 3-Chloro-2-hydroxypropyl trimethyl ammonium chloride (Quat 188) and 3-glycidyloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (GPTMS), by applying the nanocomposite to the modified cotton fabric using the pad-dry-cure method. The chemistry and morphology of the modified fabrics were examined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. In addition, the chemical mechanism for the nanocomposite-modified fabric was reported. UV protection (UPF) and antibacterial properties against Gram-positive S. aureus and Gram-negative E. coli bacterial strains were investigated. The durability of the fabrics to 20 washing cycles was also examined. Results demonstrated that the nanocomposite-modified cotton fabric exhibited superior antibacterial activity against Gram-negative bacteria than Gram-positive bacteria and excellent UV protection properties. Moreover, a good durability was obtained, which was possibly due to the effect of the crosslinker used. Among the three pre-modifications of the cotton fabric, Quat 188 modified fabric revealed the highest antibacterial activity compared with citric acid or GPTMS modified fabrics. This outcome suggested that the curcumin/TiO2 nanocomposite Quat 188-modified cotton fabric could be used as a biomedical textile due to its antibacterial properties.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4027
JournalPolymers
Volume13
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2021

Keywords

  • Antibacterial
  • Citric acid
  • Cotton fabric
  • Curcumin
  • Durability
  • Quat 188
  • TiO nanoparticles
  • UV blocking

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Antibacterial and uv protection properties of modified cotton fabric using a curcumin/tio2 nanocomposite for medical textile applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this