Antibacterial and uv protection properties of modified cotton fabric using a curcumin/tio2 nanocomposite for medical textile applications

M. M. Abd El-Hady, Asmaa Farouk, S. El Sayed Saeed, Saad Zaghloul

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Medical textiles are one of the most rapidly growing parts of the technical textiles sector in the textile industry. This work aims to investigate the medical applications of a curcumin/TiO2 nanocomposite fabricated on the surface of cotton fabric. The cotton fabric was pretreated with three crosslinking agents, namely citric acid, 3-Chloro-2-hydroxypropyl trimethyl ammonium chloride (Quat 188) and 3-glycidyloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (GPTMS), by applying the nanocomposite to the modified cotton fabric using the pad-dry-cure method. The chemistry and morphology of the modified fabrics were examined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. In addition, the chemical mechanism for the nanocomposite-modified fabric was reported. UV protection (UPF) and antibacterial properties against Gram-positive S. aureus and Gram-negative E. coli bacterial strains were investigated. The durability of the fabrics to 20 washing cycles was also examined. Results demonstrated that the nanocomposite-modified cotton fabric exhibited superior antibacterial activity against Gram-negative bacteria than Gram-positive bacteria and excellent UV protection properties. Moreover, a good durability was obtained, which was possibly due to the effect of the crosslinker used. Among the three pre-modifications of the cotton fabric, Quat 188 modified fabric revealed the highest antibacterial activity compared with citric acid or GPTMS modified fabrics. This outcome suggested that the curcumin/TiO2 nanocomposite Quat 188-modified cotton fabric could be used as a biomedical textile due to its antibacterial properties.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4027
Issue number22
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2021


  • Antibacterial
  • Citric acid
  • Cotton fabric
  • Curcumin
  • Durability
  • Quat 188
  • TiO nanoparticles
  • UV blocking


Dive into the research topics of 'Antibacterial and uv protection properties of modified cotton fabric using a curcumin/tio2 nanocomposite for medical textile applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this