An overview of indices used to measure treatment effectiveness in patients with cleft lip and palate

Sanjida Haque, Mohammad Khursheed Alam, Anas Imran Arshad

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the contemporary era, the demand for orthodontic treatment is ever rising. Orthodontic treatment duration can range from a year to a few years. Our aim is to assess the available techniques of categorising treatment effectiveness in patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP) and to study their effect on improvement of treatment outcomes. The electronic databases including Medline-PUBMED, Science Direct, and ISI Web of Knowledge were searched from 1987 to 2013, and 40 311 relevant articles were found. Of these, we identified 22 articles including original articles as well as literature reviews. The different parameters and indices that are applied to speed-up orthodontic treatment outcomes in patients with CLP were identified as the GOSLON Yardstick, 5-year-old index, EUROCRAN index, Huddart Bodenham system, modified Huddart Bodenham system, GOAL Yardstick and, Bauru-Bilateral Cleft Lip and Palate Yardstick. This overview can create better awareness regarding the uses, advantages, and disadvantages of the different indices. It can enable better assessment and provide the impetus needed for a sustained upgrade in the standards of care for CLP in daily orthodontics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-11
Number of pages8
JournalMalaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume22
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cleft lip and palate
  • Malocclusion
  • Orthodontic index
  • Treatment outcome

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