A novel trace-level ammonia gas sensing based on flexible pani-cofe2o4 nanocomposite film at room temperature

Rima D. Alharthy, Ahmed Saleh

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, we developed a new chemi-resistive, flexible and selective ammonia (NH3 ) gas sensor. The sensor was prepared by depositing thin film of polyaniline-cobalt ferrite (PAniCoFe2O4 ) nanocomposite on flexible polyethylene terephthalate (PET) through an in situ chemical oxidative polymerization method. The prepared PAni-CoFe2O4 nanocomposite and flexible PETPAni-CoFe2O4 sensor were evaluated for their thermal stability, surface morphology and materials composition. The response to NH3 gas of the developed sensor was examined thoroughly in the range of 1–50 ppm at room temperature. The sensor with 50 wt% CoFe2O4 NPs content showed an optimum selectivity to NH3 molecules, with a 118.3% response towards 50 ppm in 24.3 s response time. Furthermore, the sensor showed good reproducibility, ultra-low detection limit (25 ppb) and excellent flexibility. In addition, the relative humidity effect on the sensor performance was investigated. Consequently, the flexible PET-PAni-CoFe2O4 sensor is a promising candidate for trace-level on-site sensing of NH3 in wearable electronic or portable devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3077
JournalPolymers
Volume13
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Ammonia gas sensor
  • Cobalt ferrite
  • Flexible
  • Nanocomposite
  • Polyaniline

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