A novel hybrid fuzzy-SVM image steganographic model

Hanizan Shaker Hussain, Syed Ahmad Aljunid, Saadiah Yahya, Fakariah Hani Mohd Ali

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

10 Scopus citations


This paper reviews the current soft computing (SC) techniques employed in image steganography as well as proposes a new hybrid approach of these SC techniques to exploit their complementary strengths. Four main SC techniques in image steganography - neural network (NN), genetic algorithm (GA), support vector machines (SVM) and fuzzy logic (FL) are assessed based on the three main measurements of steganography - imperceptibility, payload capacity and robustness. Most NN usage focuses on robustness, as well as the imperceptibility of the cover-image by exploiting its learning capability to produce a higher quality stego-image. GA is mostly employed to increase the payload capacity to be embedded as well as to find the best bit positions for embedding position in image steganography. SVM is normally used to increase the imperceptibility of the stego image via its strength to classify the image blocks by learning the relationship between the secret-message and cover-image to be used in the embedding and extracting procedures. A few works have been done in FL especially in preserving the imperceptibility and the number is increasing. Based on this review and leveraging the complementary strengths of FCM in clustering and SVM in classification, we propose a novel hybrid fuzzy c-means (FCM) and SVM (F-SVM) model in image steganography. The model uses the F-SVM as its main engine that is capable of embedding the secret-message imperceptible to human eyes while increasing the payload capacity. Currently, work is being done to develop and test this model.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings 2010 International Symposium on Information Technology - Visual Informatics, ITSim'10
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes
Event2010 International Symposium on Information Technology, ITSim'10 - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: 15 Jun 201017 Jun 2010

Publication series

NameProceedings 2010 International Symposium on Information Technology - Visual Informatics, ITSim'10


Conference2010 International Symposium on Information Technology, ITSim'10
CityKuala Lumpur


  • Fuzzy c-means
  • Image steganography
  • Soft computing
  • Support vector machines


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